California will consume eggs mandatorily released. In the legislative elections on Tuesday, Californians approved a popular initiative that completely eliminates the cages for laying hens and broadens the space of the breeding pigs, assuming the possible impact on food prices that may involve.
The measure, which has left unsatisfied some animal advocates, is agreed with the state agricultural industry. It has the support of more than 200 of the main food businesses, including Walmart, McDonald’s, Taco Bell or Burger King, which have committed to “use non-caged animal products,” according to official information distributed to voters.
Proposition 12 was approved with more than four million votes, 61%. Currently, the California law states that laying hens, breeding pigs and calves must be able to completely turn around in their cages, lie down and stand up with their extremities fully extended.
The new law extends the mandatory space for chickens to one square foot (929 square centimeters) until the end of 2021. As of 2022, chickens should be reared without cages. In the case of breeding pigs, the new law requires a minimum of 2.2 square meters in cages as of 2020.
The new law also prohibits selling in the state, the largest market in the United States, poultry and pork products from other states that do not meet the new standards.
The law in California already established since 2008, also by popular vote, that animals should have enough space to move and avoid inhumane conditions on farms. But that law lacked the specific requirements of the new proposition.
The measure had the support of animal defense organizations and opposition from the food industry, but has also been criticized by groups such as PETA , for which it does not go far enough to guarantee decent conditions for animals. The proponents emphasize that it is a “common sense” measure.
The independent office that advises the Government of California on the fiscal impact of the popular measures calculates that there will be an increase in prices for consumers, a decrease in the collection of taxes on agricultural enterprises of a few million, and the state will have to spend about 10 million dollars to enforce the law.